USA developed many fighter jets between 1940 to the late 1950s. While most of them were not designed to participate in combat, few took place in direct air strikes. The bigger lot served as escort to the bombers on their way to designated targets. This gave an enemy a hurdle to attack the bomber since an offensive enemy had to get rid of the escort fighter jets before gaining access of the bomber.
World War I
Most jets were used during this war. However, most of them had piston engines powering them. Well, just like the old piston engines operated, a system of pistons moved back and forth when the engine was on.
During the World War I, a jet engine was designed that only used a direct thrust to move the entire fighter. The thrust comes after air is pulled into the jet through an opening at the front using a system of fans. Once the air is let out at the back, a thrust is the only outcome. To clearly distinguish this age with its technology, the first patent for the design and development of a jet engine was given in 1932.
World War II
A German engineered jet engine that was both operational and effective was developed and named Messerschmitt me 262. This engine was used in most fighter jets in a number of top wars. Till the Korean War, it is when radar technology was introduced in the jet avionics. However, it was mostly used for offensive attacks.
The Vietnam War saw an upgrade of jet designs. During this war, there were powerful anti-aircraft being used to gun down fighter jets from the US. To deal with this problem, multirole fighter were designed and developed. Their aim of design was to cater for both air and ground attacks since the ground troop faced a great challenge progressing forward.
It is during this war that most of the US-made fighter jets became known to the world of their prowess. A number of them could operate within enemy territory without being recognized or locked for attack. Moreover, jets were developed that had supersonic speed and could maneuver with great stability.
Indeed, it is during this war that the US unleashed most of fighter jets that had heavy armament and could launch most of the complex offensives.
Unique features in the US fighter jets history
Design to fill need-gap
There were needs that had to be satisfied. For instance, the piston engine fighters were proving to be inefficient and had to be replaced. This led to the development of the jet engine.
A number of jet fighters could only do air strikes so they had trouble with ground-operated anti-aircrafts. This led to the development of the multi-role jet fighters that could precisely perform an air and land target independent of their target location.
With more money being invested in the military, great progress is made in the design and development of US fighter jet.